British Parliament (Hansard)

1803-2005 | 7.6 million speeches | 1.6 billion words


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Semantic tagging
SAMUELS project

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This Hansard corpus (or collection of texts) contains nearly every speech given in the British Parliament from 1803-2005, and it allows you to search these speeches (including semantically-based searches) in ways that are not possible with any other resource.

The corpus was created as part of the SAMUELS project (2014-2016), which was funded by the UK Arts and Humanities Research Council.

The following are just a few sample searches, but they should give you an idea of what you can do with the corpus. Once you've taken a look at some of these sample searches, click on SEARCH CORPUS to the left.
 

SAMPLE SEARCHES
Note: click on any link on this page to see the corpus data, and then click on "RETURN" in the upper right-hand corner of the corpus to come back to this page.

 SEE FREQUENCY OF A WORD OR PHRASE OVER TIME

LIMIT AND COMPARE BY DECADE, HOUSE, OR PARTY IN POWER

Search Examples Section 1 Section 2 Section 1 (left) vs 2 (right)
*ism words patriotism, terrorism 1840s-1890s 1970s-2000s 1840s-1870s vs 1970s-2000s
hard NOUN hard earnings, hard core 1950s-2000s 1810s-1860s 1950s-2000s vs 1810s-1860s
ADJ women unfortunate women, pregnant women 1830s-1870s 1970s-2000s 1830s-1870s vs 1970s-2000s
NOUN after break faith, law 1980s-2000s 1820s-1860s 1980s-2000s vs 1820s-1860s
honourable NOUN honourable friend, honourable baronet Lords Commons Lords vs Commons
ADJ plan corporate plan, local plan Conservative Labour Conservative vs Labour


WHAT WORDS ARE USED WITH OTHER WORDS? (WORD MEANING AND USAGE)

SEARCHING SEMANTICALLY

Semantic tag (click to run) Meaning Examples (click to run query)
{BA:06} "Armed hostility: defense" frontier, fortified
{AC:01:b:06} "Health and disease: Respiratory disorders, coughing" bronchitis, pneumonia
{BI:09:c:10} "Occupation and work: Worker: Manual/industrial worker: Miner" miner, coal-owner, collier
WORD(S) [wage]
COLLOCATES: {BI:09:c:10}
wage(s) near "Occupation and work: Worker: Manual/industrial worker: Miner" wages || miner
wage || colliers
{AY:04:f:04} "Society: Social relations: Exclusion from society" boycott, outlaw
{BI:05} "Occupation and work: Business affairs" commercial, transactions
WORD(S) {AY:04:f:04}
COLLOCATES: {BI:05}
"Business" near "exclusion" commercial | boycott
{AU:11} "Emotions: Happiness" delighted, relieved
I am {AU:11} that I am "Emotions: Happiness" that I am delighted that
I am relieved that
{AY:01:e:01} [be] {AO:23:b} "Society: Family: Parents" [be] "Action: Ability: Inability" mother is incapable
parent is incapacitated
{AR:13} "The mind: Idealism" romantic, idealistic
{AR:11} "The mind: Ideas" matter, idea, conceive
{AR:13} {AR:11} "The mind: Idealism" + "The mind: Ideas" utopian idea, romantic notion
{AR:13} [[=idea]] "The mind: Idealism" + [all forms of all synonyms of idea] romantic view, ideal solution

SEARCHING BY SPEAKER

Which speakers use a word or phrase the most?

Word or phrase Sorting (relevance takes into account
the total number of speeches by the speaker)
India frequency      relevance
Rhodesia frequency      relevance
Northern Ireland frequency      relevance
United States frequency      relevance
navy frequency      relevance
inflation frequency      relevance
computer frequency      relevance

Searching for a word or phrase in speeches by a certain speaker
(PM's used here, but can limit by any speaker. Can also limit by year, e.g. Churchill 1939-1945)

Speaker Word / phrase Concordances Collocates
 Gladstone   doctrine, conformity, freedom doctrine doctrine
 Chamberlain   satisfied, Hitler, German* satisf* satisf*
 Churchill   navy, troops, United States navy troops
 Thatcher   inflation, Soviet Union, Reagan Soviet Union government
 Major   troops, income tax, pensioner troops inflation
 Blair   cut, private sector, Israel cut cut

What words characterize the speech of specific speakers? (e.g. nouns or adjectives)